We have read many times arguments about Finland becoming a member of the Nato due to that Finland belongs to the West and in the end it is a question of respect to the Western values or that it is natural that we would be a member in the Nato, since it would be useful and in our interest to belong to all Westernly respected Western organizations. In the Russian side the argument goes mainly by underlining the importance of interests.
Primarily the mainly Russian underlining of the impportance of the interest perspective is more realistic and correlates to the security situation in the real world better than the Western talk about values. This can be seen also in the Chinese response to the decision of the Permanet Court of Arbitration (PCA) in the Hague regarding the South China Sea case whereas China argues that the PCA doesn’t have jurisdiction over the said case and would prefer bilateral negotiations with the Philippines.
Regarding now the security of states around the Baltic Sea, it is very much a question of colliding interests. We should now try to find a common base of different Baltic Sea States to form a system which will enhance the security of this region and not threat to worsen it.
Regarding Finland’s position in this theatre we are on the other hand part of the West due to our memebership in the EU and our enhanced cooperation in the security matters with the Nato, UK and USA, but we have also a long border with Russia and are thus even very much dependent on what Russia is planning to do and what it does. Since Sweden does not want to form a defence alliance with Finland and since it is the only EU member state with which we have a land border, we are very much dependent on the maritime logistics of the Baltic Sea. And we are therefore economically dependent on the free passage through the Baltic Sea.
In the end our alternatives regarding our defence are rather limited:
a. If Sweden applies for the membership of the Nato, we should do likewise.
b. If Sweden doesn’t apply for the membership of the Nato, we should try to grow our defence cooperation with Sweden and with member states of the EU, especially those located by the Baltic Sea and with UK and USA.
c. We should try to establish a common defence of the EU as well.